SHINKUKAI HISTORY - Okinawa Traditional Karate
The SHINKUKAI is an official approval association by Shinjuku-city and Setagaya-city education boards, Shinjuku foundation for creation of future, and has provided to practice of Okinawa Traditional Karate, Okinawa Shorinji-ryu and Okinawa Goju-ryu.
Shorinji-ryu was established in 1954 by Jyoen Nakazato (1922- ), who performed ascetic practices under Chotoku Kyan (1870-1945), the master of the Shuri-te style.
Chotoku Kyan received instruction from Sokon Matsumura and others on seven different kata-Seisan, Naifanchi, Wanshu, Passai, Gojushiho, Chinto and Kusanku-in addition to Tokumine no kon in Bo jutsu. He adherered to the principle of never changing kata throughout his life. Based on Chotoku Kyan's ideas, Jyoen Nakazato, named the school 'Shorinji-ryu', with the idea of getting back to the origins in every aspect, as a reaction to modern karatedom where kata have been changing one after another.
The founder of Goju-ryu was Chojun Miyagi (1888-1953). He became a disciple of Kanryo Higaonna (1853-1915), the founder of the Naha-te style, when he was 14. He endured harsh ascetic practices and in 1915 went to Fujian Province in China to perfect his skills in the martial arts. He also undertook a lot of research on noted Chinese warriors. As a result, he was able to take over and organize karate techniques and the principles of the martial arts that he had been taught. He consolidated modern karate-do, incorporating effective elements of both athletics and the martial arts in addition to the principles of reason and science.
Chojun Miyagi's most promising disciple, Jinan Shinzato, gave a demonstration at the 'All Japan Martial Arts Tournament Offering Congratulations on the Emperor's Accession' held in Meiji Jingu Shrine in 1929. Afterwards he was asked what school of karate he belonged to. When he returned home, he told master Miyagi about this and Miyagi decided to choose the name Goju-ryu (the hard-soft style), inspired by one of the 'Eight Precepts' of Kempo, written in the Bubishi, and meaning 'The way embraces both hard and soft, both inhalation and exhalation. The main characteristic of Goju-ryu is the 'respiration method' accompanied by vocal exclamations, emphasizing 'inhaling and exhaling'and 'bringing force in and sending force out'.
The kata of Goju-ryu are broadly divided into: Sanchin (basics), Kaishu-gata (open hand forms), and Heishu-gata (closed hand forms). The traditional kata passed down from Kanryo Higaonna to the present include: Sanchin, Saifa, Seienchin, Shisochin, Sanseiryu, Seipai, Kururunfa, Seisan, and Suparinpe (or Pecchurin). In addition to such traditional kata, Goju-ryu has added Kokumin Fukyugata, a series of kata created by Chojun Miyagi for the nationwide popularization of the school-Gekisai I, Gekisai II and Tensho-which complete the kata of Goju-ryu for Tanren.
The UK Kyokushinkai Connection:
Steve Arneil who was originally from South Africa trained in Japan under Mas Oyama 10th Dan of the Kyokushinkai Kan. Steve Arneil became the first man in the world to complete the 100 man kumite which gained him the rank Yondan(4th Dan). In the mid sixties he came to the UK as a 5th Dan and founded the British Kyokushinkai Karate (BKK) in the South of England and South London.
Shihan Garry Pickford was one of his students from the Raynes Park Dojo. In1974 Shihan Garry Pickford moved to Milton Keynes (as a brown belt) with special dispensation from Steve Arneil to start a Kyokushin Karate Club there, he was the first and only brown belt ever given this permission, this club became the Milton Keynes Kyokushinkai Karate (MKKK). Shihan Neil Harrison was the clubs first student member and became the Club Secretary (then a 6th Kyu Shotokan). Garry went on to gain his Shodan grade at the Kyokushin summer camp (Exeter) in 1976.
In 1981 Garry Pickford and Neil Harrison co-founded the UK’s first Shinkukai Karate Club in Milton Keynes and Neil Harrison was the first Black Belt to be graded Shodan (1st Dan) under the name of Shinkukai, now known as the Original Shinkukai Karate Association.